A definition of website hosting
As its name indicates, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting web content. There are different forms and kinds of hosting, based on the aims and on the objectives. Yet, they all refer to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Internet. A host is in fact a hosting server that is connected to the Internet and has its own Internet Protocol address, which enables users to gain access to it through the Internet. The web server's architecture and its limitations are dependent on the form of hosting solution it's going to be used for.
What are the different types of hosting?
Depending on the application, the professional web hosting service may be:
File Storage Hosting - this form of hosting enables the customers to accommodate their files on a specific web hosting server. With the standard file storage hosting solution, the files that are deposited may only be accessed by the person that's using the service. This hosting solution generally applies to backups of computers , documents, private files and even other hosting servers. This service may also include given limitations in terms of the data storage and the root-level access. There may also be bandwidth restrictions, but that depends on the given web hosting provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is resembling the previous hosting service type. In spite of that, unlike the file hosting solution, the warez web hosting service is used for circulating copyrighted content without being okayed by the license owner. To put it briefly - it entails the illicit distribution of files and documents. There are multiple ways for this to be achieved, but the 2 main methods are - via plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first method involves either some web page, or, most commonly, simply a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thereby download copyrighted content free of charge. The second method entails a P2P connection, making use of the so-called Torrent web servers, via which users exchange files between each other. There are very few website hosting firms that permit that type of hosting on their web hosting servers, mainly because of all the legal troubles that it entails. Usually such web sites are hosted on personal dedicated hosting servers that are registered by third-party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Hosting - this solution is applicable with both shared web hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the client's wish. If you want to launch your very own private SMTP server, then you will need either a private virtual web hosting server or a dedicated server that offers the access level required to carry out such an operation. For ordinary email hosting ends, though, you can create a regular shared web hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a solution that's very famous, since the web site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by two different web servers, usually belonging to different providers.
Site Hosting - the most popular and commonly used hosting service at present. It's utilized for hosting website files, whose kind depends on the OS the hosting server is running - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files request specific web server OSs, or else they won't be shown correctly on the World Wide Web. This type of hosting may contain web storage space and web traffic restrictions, root access and central processing unit usage limitations.
Based on the purpose and on the functions, the client should select the kind of server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the webspace hosting distributor that's going to provide it. There are several kinds of hosting servers, depending on the configuration and the web hosting services that they offer. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared web page hosting server provides a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, is reflected on the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small scale and middle sized online portals, which do not need vast amounts of data storage space and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they are based on the same principle as the shared web space hosting servers. Even so, there are much fewer clients sharing the same web server. Therefore, each of them will receive a greater quota of the hosting server's resources like RAM, data storage, traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting bulky web portals that do not demand complete root-level access.
Virtual Servers - the virtual servers are excellent for medium web sites, which do demand root-level access to the server's configuration files. Typically, there are several virtual web server accounts sharing the same machine. Still, each of them is isolated from the other ones and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Servers - a fully dedicated hosting server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It guarantees a considerable amount of resources. It also offers full server root access, which makes it an excellent platform for any kind of web portal that requires a webspace hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which site hosting company should I pick?
As already stated, there are just a few hosting companies offering warez web hosting services because of judicial problems. Such hosting providers are being closed down almost every month. For that reason, if you want to start such a service, you should do it on your own personal computer. The shared site hosting solution is the most popular kind of hosting service. Because of that, every site hosting supplier provides it. Not all of them, though, provide solutions such as virtual servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated servers. Most of the small scale site hosting firms do not have the means needed for maintaining those services. Therefore it's invariably best to pick a larger hosting company that can provide its clients with all the solutions that they request. You can quickly identify such web hosts by the kinds of solutions that they are making available and by the way that they introduce them to the customers. For example, some web hosting companies allow you to start with a smaller web site hosting plan and then shift to a bigger one, if you deem it compulsory to do so. This is extremely suitable, since you do not need to transmit web sites between web hosting servers and there is no danger of suffering network downtime because of all the problems that may take place. Hosting providers such as Free Hostia offer all sorts of services and have the needed web server resources and personnel to guarantee that their clients will not experience any complications when changing services, which is what a top hosting supplier is in fact all about.